International College of Economics and Finance

Honorable seminar “The Finnish Great Depression: From Russia With Love” by Yuriy Gorodnichenko

On Friday, April 09  ICEF held the Honorable seminar in Economics.
Lecturer: Yuriy Gorodnichenko, winner of the First National Prize in Applied Economics (
Topic:  “The Finnish Great Depression: From Russia With Love”




Abstract:  During the period 1991-93, Finland experienced the deepest economic downturn in an industrialized country since the 1930s. We argue that the culprit behind this Great Depression was the collapse of Finnish trade with the Soviet Union, because it induced a costly restructuring of the manufacturing sector and a sudden, large increase in the cost of energy. We develop and calibrate a multi-sector dynamic general equilibrium model with labor market frictions, and show that the collapse of Soviet-Finnish trade can explain key features of Finland's Great Depression. We also show that Finland's Great Depression mirrors the macroeconomic dynamics of the transition economies of Eastern Europe. These economies experienced a similar trade collapse. However, as a western democracy with developed capital markets and institutions, Finland faced none of the large institutional adjustments that other transition economies experienced. Thus, by studying the Finnish experience we isolate the adjustment costs due solely to the collapse of Soviet trade.
Venue: Pokrovski Bulvar, 11, Room Zh-822

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